Promoter. S1, stop codon in plasmid pBCSMH030. S2, stop codon in

Promoter. S1, stop codon in plasmid pBCSMH030. S2, stop codon in plasmids pBCSJC001, pBCSMH031 and pBCSMH032. (B) Comparison of fluorescence emitted by strains expressing mCherry, Citrine, CFP and GFP alone, their improved i-tag versions and their Wze 22948146 fusions. The median fluorescence, with 25 (white error bars) and 75 (black error bars) inter-quartile range (in arbitrary units) is plotted. At least 100 cells of each strain were quantified. Strain names are indicated below. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0055049.gExpression of Fluorescent Proteins in S.pneumoniaeRT-PCR, purified RNA was treated with Turbo DNase (Ambion) and screened for absence of contaminating DNA by PCR. 100 ng of DNase-treated RNA was subjected to reverse transcription using the OneStep RT-PCR Kit (QIAGEN). To amplify the fluorescent genes, the following nucleotides were used: 40/41 for citrine and 18/40 for mCherry. As a negative control, RNA isolated from strain BCSMH031 was used.Quantitative NT-157 site Real-Time PCRcDNA was generated from 250 ng of each RNA sample using TaqMan RT Reagents (Applied Biosystems, Branchburg, NJ, USA). The reaction mix included 5.5 mM MgCl2, 500 mM dNTPs, 2.5 mM random hexamers, 16 RT Buffer, 0.8 U/ml RNase Inhibitor and 1.25 U/ml MultiScribe RT in a final volume of 50 ml. The Reverse Transcription conditions were 10 min at 25uC, 15 min at 42uC and 5 min at 99uC. Quantification of Citrine and mCherry expression was achieved using the ABI7000SDS (Applied Biosystems), SYBR Green chemistry, and the standard curve method for relative quantification. The PCR reagents consisted of: 16 SYBR Green PCR Master Mix (Applied Biosystems), 400 nM of each primer, and 5 ml of sample cDNA, in a final volume of 25 ml. The thermocycling profile was: 10 min at 95uC followed by 40 cycles of 15 s at 95uC and 1 min at 60uC. qPCR primers for mCherry (34 and 35) citrine (36 and 37) and tetracycline (38 and 39) were designed using ABI7000SDS ?specific software, Primer Express (Applied Biosystems). Optical plates included plasmid standard curves for Citrine and mCherry, and duplicates of each cDNA sample. “No template” and “no RT” controls were also included in every qPCR assays. For each sample, the expression of Citrine or mCherry was determined from the respective standard curve by conversion of the mean threshold cycle values, and normalization was obtained by dividing the quantity of Citrine (or mCherry) cDNAs by the quantity of cDNA amplified within the gene encoding for the tetracycline resistance protein (used as the endogenous control), which is cloned in the same plasmid. The specificity of the amplified products was verified by analysis of the dissociation curves generated by the ABI 7000 software based on the specific melting temperature for each amplicon. The final qPCR results were based on two independent experiments.Figure 8. Applications of the developed tools for localization of S. pneumoniae proteins. (A) Localization of the cell division protein FtsZ as a N-terminal fusion to CFP (CFP-FtsZ, strain BCSMH050) and to itagged CFP, (iCFP-FtsZ, strain BCSMH051). (B) Localization of the membrane Wzd protein as a N-terminal fusion to CFP (CFP-Wzd, strain BCSJF004) and to improved i-tagged CFP, (iCFP-Wzd, strain CB-5083 BCSJF003). (C) Localization of the Wze tyrosine kinase as a N-terminal fusion to Citrine (Citrine-Wze, strain BCSJF002) and to improved i-tag Citrine (iCitrine-Wze, BCSJF001). The i-tagged versions of the fluorescent reporters allowed the visualization o.Promoter. S1, stop codon in plasmid pBCSMH030. S2, stop codon in plasmids pBCSJC001, pBCSMH031 and pBCSMH032. (B) Comparison of fluorescence emitted by strains expressing mCherry, Citrine, CFP and GFP alone, their improved i-tag versions and their Wze 22948146 fusions. The median fluorescence, with 25 (white error bars) and 75 (black error bars) inter-quartile range (in arbitrary units) is plotted. At least 100 cells of each strain were quantified. Strain names are indicated below. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0055049.gExpression of Fluorescent Proteins in S.pneumoniaeRT-PCR, purified RNA was treated with Turbo DNase (Ambion) and screened for absence of contaminating DNA by PCR. 100 ng of DNase-treated RNA was subjected to reverse transcription using the OneStep RT-PCR Kit (QIAGEN). To amplify the fluorescent genes, the following nucleotides were used: 40/41 for citrine and 18/40 for mCherry. As a negative control, RNA isolated from strain BCSMH031 was used.Quantitative Real-Time PCRcDNA was generated from 250 ng of each RNA sample using TaqMan RT Reagents (Applied Biosystems, Branchburg, NJ, USA). The reaction mix included 5.5 mM MgCl2, 500 mM dNTPs, 2.5 mM random hexamers, 16 RT Buffer, 0.8 U/ml RNase Inhibitor and 1.25 U/ml MultiScribe RT in a final volume of 50 ml. The Reverse Transcription conditions were 10 min at 25uC, 15 min at 42uC and 5 min at 99uC. Quantification of Citrine and mCherry expression was achieved using the ABI7000SDS (Applied Biosystems), SYBR Green chemistry, and the standard curve method for relative quantification. The PCR reagents consisted of: 16 SYBR Green PCR Master Mix (Applied Biosystems), 400 nM of each primer, and 5 ml of sample cDNA, in a final volume of 25 ml. The thermocycling profile was: 10 min at 95uC followed by 40 cycles of 15 s at 95uC and 1 min at 60uC. qPCR primers for mCherry (34 and 35) citrine (36 and 37) and tetracycline (38 and 39) were designed using ABI7000SDS ?specific software, Primer Express (Applied Biosystems). Optical plates included plasmid standard curves for Citrine and mCherry, and duplicates of each cDNA sample. “No template” and “no RT” controls were also included in every qPCR assays. For each sample, the expression of Citrine or mCherry was determined from the respective standard curve by conversion of the mean threshold cycle values, and normalization was obtained by dividing the quantity of Citrine (or mCherry) cDNAs by the quantity of cDNA amplified within the gene encoding for the tetracycline resistance protein (used as the endogenous control), which is cloned in the same plasmid. The specificity of the amplified products was verified by analysis of the dissociation curves generated by the ABI 7000 software based on the specific melting temperature for each amplicon. The final qPCR results were based on two independent experiments.Figure 8. Applications of the developed tools for localization of S. pneumoniae proteins. (A) Localization of the cell division protein FtsZ as a N-terminal fusion to CFP (CFP-FtsZ, strain BCSMH050) and to itagged CFP, (iCFP-FtsZ, strain BCSMH051). (B) Localization of the membrane Wzd protein as a N-terminal fusion to CFP (CFP-Wzd, strain BCSJF004) and to improved i-tagged CFP, (iCFP-Wzd, strain BCSJF003). (C) Localization of the Wze tyrosine kinase as a N-terminal fusion to Citrine (Citrine-Wze, strain BCSJF002) and to improved i-tag Citrine (iCitrine-Wze, BCSJF001). The i-tagged versions of the fluorescent reporters allowed the visualization o.

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