Although the locations of MUC4/8G7 and MUC4/1G8 expression showed

Although the locations of MUC4/8G7 and MUC4/1G8 expression showed a marked difference. In gastric 86168-78-7 custom synthesis cancer tissues, MUC4/8G7 was expressed mainly in the cytoplasm of the neoplastic cells of pap and tub, whereas MUC4/1G8 was expressed mainly at the cell apexes of pap and tub or intracytoplasmic mucin substance of sig. Since the cytoplasmic expression pattern of MUC4/8G7 is seen also in pancreatic adenocarcinoma, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, extra hepatic bile duct carcinoma, lung adenocarcinoma and oral squamous cell carcinoma [9,10,11,12,13], the intracytoplasmic MUC4/8G7 expression pattern in gastric cancer tissues may be reasonable. In contrast, the linear expression pattern of MUC4/1G8 along with the cell apexes of gastric cancer tissues may reflect unknown functions or characteristics of the MUC4b subunit detected by MAb 1G8 raised against rat epitope [15], as the present study demonstrated that MUC4/1G8 expression were related to lymphatic invasion and lymph node metastasis that are poor prognostic factors even in the early gastric cancer. Particularly in por2 and sig, the expression rate of MUC4/1G8 was significantly higher than that of MUC4/8G7 or that of MUC1/DF3. In addition, there was a siginificant correlation between MUC4/8G7 expression and MUC4/1G8 expression in the patients examined. Thus, the IHC signal of MUC4/1G8 detected in the gastrectomy specimens may show a significant meaning of the epitope detected by MAb 1G8, although there was no reactivity of MUC4/1G8 expression in human gastric cancer cell lines (SNU-16 and NCI-N87). The epitope detected by MAb 1G8 is an area of interest for future study. In conclusion, in the present study of early gastric cancers, MUC4/8G7, MUC4/1G8 and MUC1/DF3 expressions were observed mainly in well differentiated adenocarcinomas. The MUC4/8G7 expression was related with lymphatic invasion. The MUC4/1G8 expression was related with lymphatic invasion andlymph node metastasis. The MUC1/DF3 expression was related with lymphatic invasion and venous invasion. The examination of MUC4 and MUC1 expression in the gastric cancers would become a useful marker to predict poor prognostic factors related with vessel invasion, even in the early stage.Supporting InformationFigure S1 In the non-neoplastic mucosa of the cases with gastric cancer, MUC4/8G7 was expressed sometimes in the cytoplasm of surface mucous epithelium, and frequently but weakly in the cytoplasm of fundic and pyloric glands (A and D). MUC4/1G8 was frequently expressed in the cell apex and cytoplasm of the surface mucous epithelium, and frequently but weakly in the cytoplasm of fundic and pyloric glands (B and E), and was seen constantly at the vascular endothelium. MUC1/DF3 was sometimes expressed in the surface mucous epithelium, and always in the fundic glands (particularly intensely at the cell apexes), but not in the pyloric glands (C and F). Original RE640 web magnification 6100 (A, B, C), 6400 (D, E, F). (TIF) Table S1 Detailed number and percentage of positively stained neoplastic cells using the scoring system. (DOC)AcknowledgmentsWe thank Mr. Y. Atsuchi, Mr. K. Matsuo, Ms. C. Baba, Ms. Y. Nishimura, Ms. S. Yoshimura and Ms. I. Houjou for their technical assistance.Author ContributionsConceived and designed the experiments: YT M. Higashi S. Yonezawa. Performed the experiments: YT M. Higashi SK S. Yokoyama S. Yonezawa. Analyzed the data: YT M. Higashi MG S. Yonezawa. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MO M. Horinouchi TS M.Although the locations of MUC4/8G7 and MUC4/1G8 expression showed a marked difference. In gastric cancer tissues, MUC4/8G7 was expressed mainly in the cytoplasm of the neoplastic cells of pap and tub, whereas MUC4/1G8 was expressed mainly at the cell apexes of pap and tub or intracytoplasmic mucin substance of sig. Since the cytoplasmic expression pattern of MUC4/8G7 is seen also in pancreatic adenocarcinoma, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, extra hepatic bile duct carcinoma, lung adenocarcinoma and oral squamous cell carcinoma [9,10,11,12,13], the intracytoplasmic MUC4/8G7 expression pattern in gastric cancer tissues may be reasonable. In contrast, the linear expression pattern of MUC4/1G8 along with the cell apexes of gastric cancer tissues may reflect unknown functions or characteristics of the MUC4b subunit detected by MAb 1G8 raised against rat epitope [15], as the present study demonstrated that MUC4/1G8 expression were related to lymphatic invasion and lymph node metastasis that are poor prognostic factors even in the early gastric cancer. Particularly in por2 and sig, the expression rate of MUC4/1G8 was significantly higher than that of MUC4/8G7 or that of MUC1/DF3. In addition, there was a siginificant correlation between MUC4/8G7 expression and MUC4/1G8 expression in the patients examined. Thus, the IHC signal of MUC4/1G8 detected in the gastrectomy specimens may show a significant meaning of the epitope detected by MAb 1G8, although there was no reactivity of MUC4/1G8 expression in human gastric cancer cell lines (SNU-16 and NCI-N87). The epitope detected by MAb 1G8 is an area of interest for future study. In conclusion, in the present study of early gastric cancers, MUC4/8G7, MUC4/1G8 and MUC1/DF3 expressions were observed mainly in well differentiated adenocarcinomas. The MUC4/8G7 expression was related with lymphatic invasion. The MUC4/1G8 expression was related with lymphatic invasion andlymph node metastasis. The MUC1/DF3 expression was related with lymphatic invasion and venous invasion. The examination of MUC4 and MUC1 expression in the gastric cancers would become a useful marker to predict poor prognostic factors related with vessel invasion, even in the early stage.Supporting InformationFigure S1 In the non-neoplastic mucosa of the cases with gastric cancer, MUC4/8G7 was expressed sometimes in the cytoplasm of surface mucous epithelium, and frequently but weakly in the cytoplasm of fundic and pyloric glands (A and D). MUC4/1G8 was frequently expressed in the cell apex and cytoplasm of the surface mucous epithelium, and frequently but weakly in the cytoplasm of fundic and pyloric glands (B and E), and was seen constantly at the vascular endothelium. MUC1/DF3 was sometimes expressed in the surface mucous epithelium, and always in the fundic glands (particularly intensely at the cell apexes), but not in the pyloric glands (C and F). Original magnification 6100 (A, B, C), 6400 (D, E, F). (TIF) Table S1 Detailed number and percentage of positively stained neoplastic cells using the scoring system. (DOC)AcknowledgmentsWe thank Mr. Y. Atsuchi, Mr. K. Matsuo, Ms. C. Baba, Ms. Y. Nishimura, Ms. S. Yoshimura and Ms. I. Houjou for their technical assistance.Author ContributionsConceived and designed the experiments: YT M. Higashi S. Yonezawa. Performed the experiments: YT M. Higashi SK S. Yokoyama S. Yonezawa. Analyzed the data: YT M. Higashi MG S. Yonezawa. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MO M. Horinouchi TS M.

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