This was indeed the case (lane 8, Fig. 2f). The mobility shift

This was indeed the case (lane 8, Fig. 2f). The mobility shift was observed only when Bak was activated by p7/p15 Bid (lanes 7 and 8, Fig. 2f), proving the proximity of the cysteines only in the activated Bak but not in the inactive Bak. In contrast, the disulfide bond was not formed significantly in Bak mutant proteins containing only one cysteine at residue 69 or 111 (lanes 1 and 2, and 3 and 4, respectively, Fig. 2f), regardless of Bak activation by p7/p15 Bid. This further supports that the gel shift in lane 8 was due to the disulfide formation between cysteines at residues 69 and 111, which can be reduced under a reducing condition (Supplementary Information Figure S1c). Collectively, these results confirm that the BGH structure was formed in mitochondrial membrane by mouse Bak when it was activated by p7/p15 Bid, which is consistent with our previous in vitro data27 and with Dewson et al.24. When an additional cysteine residue such as 143C (the penultimate C-terminal residue of 5 helix) was present in Bak 69C/111C mutant (i.e., in Bak 69C/111C/143C), large Doravirine cost oligomers of even numbered Bak proteins were formed upon oxidation after activation with p7/p15 Bid (lane 10, Fig. 2f; also see Supplementary Information Figure S1c). This was not observed in the absence of Bak activation (lane 9, Fig. 2f), indicating that 143C was brought to the oligomerization interface only when Bak was activated. Consistent with this, a dimer was formed in Bak 143C mutant in a p7/p15 Bid-dependent manner (lanes 5 and 6, Fig. 2f). These results showed that EPZ004777 dose 143CScientific RepoRts | 6:30763 | DOI: 10.1038/srepResultsThe Bak homodimers oligomerize via `3/5 interface’ as well as `6:6 interface’ in mitochondria.www.nature.com/scientificreports/Figure 1. X-ray crystal structure of Bak BH3-in-groove homodimer (BGH). (a) Schematic representation of N-terminally hexahistidine tagged green fluorescent protein (GFP, residues 1?30) fused to the helices 2-5 of mouse Bak (residues 66?44) (designated as His-GFP-Bak). The A206N mutation enables GFP to dimerize. (b) SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of His-GFP-Bak before (lane 2) and after (lane 3, arrow) thrombin cleavage of His-tag under a reducing condition. (c) The peak corresponding to the GFP-Bak tetramer ( 228 kDa) is shown in a gel filtration chromatogram (run at 0.5 ml/min using a Superdex 200 column (GE healthcare)) along with the positions of the indicated gel filtration standards. (d) A ribbon diagram of the GFP-Bak tetramer structure at 2.8 ?(PDB ID: 5KTG) in two orthogonal views. The backbones of GFP-Bak monomers are color-coded (orange, yellow, green and blue for A, B, C and D chains, respectively). (e) The ribbon diagram of the BGH structure. The BGH (A, B-chain) in (d) is shown in two orthogonal views with the two polypeptides color-coded the same as in (d). (f) BGH (A,B-chain) was aligned with the reported BGHs of human BAX (PDB ID: 4BDU)25 and the human BAK (PDB ID: 4U2V)29, respectively, using Pymol59. The rootmean-square deviation (RMSD) values for the color-coded polypeptide backbone chains were calculated using Pymol59.Scientific RepoRts | 6:30763 | DOI: 10.1038/srepwww.nature.com/scientificreports/Resolution range (? Space group Unit cell (? Unit cell (deg) Wavelength (? Beam lines Number of measurements Number of unique reflections Completeness of data ( ) Overall Last shell/resolution range (? Rsym ( ) Overall Last shell/resolution range (? I/sigma Overall Last shell/resolution range (? Rwork.This was indeed the case (lane 8, Fig. 2f). The mobility shift was observed only when Bak was activated by p7/p15 Bid (lanes 7 and 8, Fig. 2f), proving the proximity of the cysteines only in the activated Bak but not in the inactive Bak. In contrast, the disulfide bond was not formed significantly in Bak mutant proteins containing only one cysteine at residue 69 or 111 (lanes 1 and 2, and 3 and 4, respectively, Fig. 2f), regardless of Bak activation by p7/p15 Bid. This further supports that the gel shift in lane 8 was due to the disulfide formation between cysteines at residues 69 and 111, which can be reduced under a reducing condition (Supplementary Information Figure S1c). Collectively, these results confirm that the BGH structure was formed in mitochondrial membrane by mouse Bak when it was activated by p7/p15 Bid, which is consistent with our previous in vitro data27 and with Dewson et al.24. When an additional cysteine residue such as 143C (the penultimate C-terminal residue of 5 helix) was present in Bak 69C/111C mutant (i.e., in Bak 69C/111C/143C), large oligomers of even numbered Bak proteins were formed upon oxidation after activation with p7/p15 Bid (lane 10, Fig. 2f; also see Supplementary Information Figure S1c). This was not observed in the absence of Bak activation (lane 9, Fig. 2f), indicating that 143C was brought to the oligomerization interface only when Bak was activated. Consistent with this, a dimer was formed in Bak 143C mutant in a p7/p15 Bid-dependent manner (lanes 5 and 6, Fig. 2f). These results showed that 143CScientific RepoRts | 6:30763 | DOI: 10.1038/srepResultsThe Bak homodimers oligomerize via `3/5 interface’ as well as `6:6 interface’ in mitochondria.www.nature.com/scientificreports/Figure 1. X-ray crystal structure of Bak BH3-in-groove homodimer (BGH). (a) Schematic representation of N-terminally hexahistidine tagged green fluorescent protein (GFP, residues 1?30) fused to the helices 2-5 of mouse Bak (residues 66?44) (designated as His-GFP-Bak). The A206N mutation enables GFP to dimerize. (b) SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of His-GFP-Bak before (lane 2) and after (lane 3, arrow) thrombin cleavage of His-tag under a reducing condition. (c) The peak corresponding to the GFP-Bak tetramer ( 228 kDa) is shown in a gel filtration chromatogram (run at 0.5 ml/min using a Superdex 200 column (GE healthcare)) along with the positions of the indicated gel filtration standards. (d) A ribbon diagram of the GFP-Bak tetramer structure at 2.8 ?(PDB ID: 5KTG) in two orthogonal views. The backbones of GFP-Bak monomers are color-coded (orange, yellow, green and blue for A, B, C and D chains, respectively). (e) The ribbon diagram of the BGH structure. The BGH (A, B-chain) in (d) is shown in two orthogonal views with the two polypeptides color-coded the same as in (d). (f) BGH (A,B-chain) was aligned with the reported BGHs of human BAX (PDB ID: 4BDU)25 and the human BAK (PDB ID: 4U2V)29, respectively, using Pymol59. The rootmean-square deviation (RMSD) values for the color-coded polypeptide backbone chains were calculated using Pymol59.Scientific RepoRts | 6:30763 | DOI: 10.1038/srepwww.nature.com/scientificreports/Resolution range (? Space group Unit cell (? Unit cell (deg) Wavelength (? Beam lines Number of measurements Number of unique reflections Completeness of data ( ) Overall Last shell/resolution range (? Rsym ( ) Overall Last shell/resolution range (? I/sigma Overall Last shell/resolution range (? Rwork.

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