Me encouraging initial data, it would be preferable to recruit participants

Me encouraging initial data, it would be preferable to recruit participants based on their dependency scores, which could ensure substantially larger and more extreme-scoring groups than those we constructed from an unselected sample. Further, use of a median split procedure to construct groups is not ideal due to the high degree of overlap among those scoring close to the median; however, the procedure was utilized in order to maintain reasonable statistical power and ensure stable cell means. Clinical Implications The primary implication of the Chloroquine (diphosphate) chemical information present study for clinical work is the emphasis on using multiple RR6 structure assessment formats. It is clear that using only one type of assessment (self-report measures, for example) may lead clinicians to run the risk of missing important information that could be useful in case conceptualization, diagnosis, and treatment. As was demonstrated in the present study, without using an implicit measure, the unacknowledged dependency group would appear the same as the low dependency group. This false appearance potentially would be problematic in a clinical setting, given the relevance of these groups’ differences in reporting past and current depressive experiences and their differing patterns of interpersonal relatedness. Using an established indirect assessment coupled with a self-report measure will undoubtedly yield a richer, more comprehensive assessment of the personality constructs of interest. The second major implication of the present work regards how dependency itself is conceptualized. As in other domains, it seems there are two relatively independent processes determining individuals’ dependent motivations, one more conscious, and the other less conscious. This has obvious implications for how clinicians should approach assessment in psychotherapy, as it is evident that patients may be unaware of (and thus unable to report) their dependency needs. Further, the independence of these two processes allows for the possibility of discrepancies, and although the empirical literature has yet to characterize these discrepancies, it is important for clinicians to remain cognizant of the potential for their occurrence. Summary and Conclusions The present study provided additional evidence for the usefulness and generalizability of IAT-derived implicit measures of personality and self-concept. As discussed in Cogswell (2008), it is likely that the momentum that exists in research on indirect measurement of dependency cannot be extended easily into other personality domains, due to its reliance on a Rorschach index as the indirect measure. Although the ROD scale has demonstrated acceptable psychometric properties and is generally accepted as a valid dependency measure (e.g., Garb, Wood, Lilienfeld, Nezworski, 2005), the ROD scale is one of the most wellvalidated of the Rorschach indices. Thus, given the relative difficulty of validating Rorschach indices for many personality variables of interest to researchers, the implicitNIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author ManuscriptJ Pers Assess. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2011 February 21.Cogswell et al.Pagemeasures (such as the IAT and SC-IAT, as well as affective priming measures) offer more straightforward methods of deriving new indirect measures of personality (see McGrath, 2008, for an excellent analysis of similarities and differences between Rorschach and IATbased assessment, as well as suggestions for how to work towards.Me encouraging initial data, it would be preferable to recruit participants based on their dependency scores, which could ensure substantially larger and more extreme-scoring groups than those we constructed from an unselected sample. Further, use of a median split procedure to construct groups is not ideal due to the high degree of overlap among those scoring close to the median; however, the procedure was utilized in order to maintain reasonable statistical power and ensure stable cell means. Clinical Implications The primary implication of the present study for clinical work is the emphasis on using multiple assessment formats. It is clear that using only one type of assessment (self-report measures, for example) may lead clinicians to run the risk of missing important information that could be useful in case conceptualization, diagnosis, and treatment. As was demonstrated in the present study, without using an implicit measure, the unacknowledged dependency group would appear the same as the low dependency group. This false appearance potentially would be problematic in a clinical setting, given the relevance of these groups’ differences in reporting past and current depressive experiences and their differing patterns of interpersonal relatedness. Using an established indirect assessment coupled with a self-report measure will undoubtedly yield a richer, more comprehensive assessment of the personality constructs of interest. The second major implication of the present work regards how dependency itself is conceptualized. As in other domains, it seems there are two relatively independent processes determining individuals’ dependent motivations, one more conscious, and the other less conscious. This has obvious implications for how clinicians should approach assessment in psychotherapy, as it is evident that patients may be unaware of (and thus unable to report) their dependency needs. Further, the independence of these two processes allows for the possibility of discrepancies, and although the empirical literature has yet to characterize these discrepancies, it is important for clinicians to remain cognizant of the potential for their occurrence. Summary and Conclusions The present study provided additional evidence for the usefulness and generalizability of IAT-derived implicit measures of personality and self-concept. As discussed in Cogswell (2008), it is likely that the momentum that exists in research on indirect measurement of dependency cannot be extended easily into other personality domains, due to its reliance on a Rorschach index as the indirect measure. Although the ROD scale has demonstrated acceptable psychometric properties and is generally accepted as a valid dependency measure (e.g., Garb, Wood, Lilienfeld, Nezworski, 2005), the ROD scale is one of the most wellvalidated of the Rorschach indices. Thus, given the relative difficulty of validating Rorschach indices for many personality variables of interest to researchers, the implicitNIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author ManuscriptJ Pers Assess. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2011 February 21.Cogswell et al.Pagemeasures (such as the IAT and SC-IAT, as well as affective priming measures) offer more straightforward methods of deriving new indirect measures of personality (see McGrath, 2008, for an excellent analysis of similarities and differences between Rorschach and IATbased assessment, as well as suggestions for how to work towards.

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