S with specific primers for unmethylated WNT7A were detected in

S with specific primers for unmethylated WNT7A were detected in all samples analyzed. To check the specificity of the MSP, the PCR products of 7 tumor samples with an identified hypermethylated WNT7A gene were sequenced. Data of sequencing confirmed the results of MSPs. Representative MSPs and sequencing of MSP-products are presented in Figure 1A and 1B. Secondly to verify that MSP determines methylation status of WNT7A 59-CpG-island correctly, bisulfite sequencing was performed for 3 tumor samples that had revealed methylated WNT7A 59-CpG island according to the MSP data. Bisulfite sequencing showed that MSP accurately reflects the methylation status of the WNT7A 59-CpG island in the samples selected (Figure 1C). To further assess POR8 whether hypermethylation of the WNT7A 59-CpG island might be directly responsible for WNT7A silencing, the A498 cell line was treated with the DNA methyltransferase inhibitor 5-aza-29-deoxycytidine. As expected this led to decreased WNT7A methylation and restored WNT7A expression (Figure 1D). Hypermethylation of the WNT7A gene is significantly higher in tumors at advanced stages (III V) than in tumors at early stages (I I) (p = 0.003). The methylation status of the WNT7A gene showed a correlation with the Fuhrman nuclear grade of clear cell RCC: grades (1?) vs grades (3?) (p = 0.037). Moreover, WNT7A methylation was observed more frequently in patients, older than 50 years (p = 0.012) than in younger patients (Table 2). No correlation was found between the status of WNT7A methylation and gender.Restoration of WNT7A Gene Expression by 5-aza-29deoxycytidine Treatment in the A498 Renal Cell Carcinoma Cell LineFor this purpose the A498 cells were treated with 5 mM 5aza-29-deoxycytidine (Sigma-Aldrich) for 5 days. A498 cells treated by solvent for 5-aza-29-deoxycytidine was used as mock control. The medium was replaced daily. After the treatment, total RNA and genomic DNA were isolated. To assess the effect of drug treatment of the A498 cells on the expression and methylation status of the WNT7A gene, qRT-PCR and MSP were used as mentioned above. MSP was carried out with the equal amount of bisulfite treated DNA obtained from 5-aza-29deoxycytidine and mock treated A498 cells. To detect expression of WNT7A and TBP genes, qRT-PCR was carried out for 30 and 24 cycles respectively. Level of the TBP expression was used as an internal control.Colony Formation and Cell Proliferation TestsFor colony formation tests, A498 and KRC/Y cells were transfected with pcDNA3.1-WNT7A and pcDNA3.1-empty vectors. The level of WNT7A expression in cell lines after transfection by pcDNA3.1-WNT7A and pcDNA3.1-empty vectors was assessed by qRT-PCR as mentioned above. Cells (40,000-50,000 cells per well) were seeded in 6-well plates the day following transfection in triplicates. Selection on the 400mg/mL of G418 (Sigma-Aldrich) was 301353-96-8 started 48 h after transfection. Cells were stained by crystal violet after 2 weeks of 12926553 G418 selection and number of colonies was counted. The experiment was performed in triplicate. To perform cell proliferation tests, 1000?500 cells per well were seeded in 96-well plates 24 h after transfection. The number of cells was counted using the Cell Quantification kit (CCK-8) (Sigma-Aldrich) at 0 h, 24 h, 48 h, 72 h and 96 h after platingWNT7A Inactivated in Clear Cell RCCFigure 1. Study of WNT7A gene methylation status in clear cell RCC. (A). Representative MSP analysis of the WNT7A gene by using methylated (M) and unm.S with specific primers for unmethylated WNT7A were detected in all samples analyzed. To check the specificity of the MSP, the PCR products of 7 tumor samples with an identified hypermethylated WNT7A gene were sequenced. Data of sequencing confirmed the results of MSPs. Representative MSPs and sequencing of MSP-products are presented in Figure 1A and 1B. Secondly to verify that MSP determines methylation status of WNT7A 59-CpG-island correctly, bisulfite sequencing was performed for 3 tumor samples that had revealed methylated WNT7A 59-CpG island according to the MSP data. Bisulfite sequencing showed that MSP accurately reflects the methylation status of the WNT7A 59-CpG island in the samples selected (Figure 1C). To further assess whether hypermethylation of the WNT7A 59-CpG island might be directly responsible for WNT7A silencing, the A498 cell line was treated with the DNA methyltransferase inhibitor 5-aza-29-deoxycytidine. As expected this led to decreased WNT7A methylation and restored WNT7A expression (Figure 1D). Hypermethylation of the WNT7A gene is significantly higher in tumors at advanced stages (III V) than in tumors at early stages (I I) (p = 0.003). The methylation status of the WNT7A gene showed a correlation with the Fuhrman nuclear grade of clear cell RCC: grades (1?) vs grades (3?) (p = 0.037). Moreover, WNT7A methylation was observed more frequently in patients, older than 50 years (p = 0.012) than in younger patients (Table 2). No correlation was found between the status of WNT7A methylation and gender.Restoration of WNT7A Gene Expression by 5-aza-29deoxycytidine Treatment in the A498 Renal Cell Carcinoma Cell LineFor this purpose the A498 cells were treated with 5 mM 5aza-29-deoxycytidine (Sigma-Aldrich) for 5 days. A498 cells treated by solvent for 5-aza-29-deoxycytidine was used as mock control. The medium was replaced daily. After the treatment, total RNA and genomic DNA were isolated. To assess the effect of drug treatment of the A498 cells on the expression and methylation status of the WNT7A gene, qRT-PCR and MSP were used as mentioned above. MSP was carried out with the equal amount of bisulfite treated DNA obtained from 5-aza-29deoxycytidine and mock treated A498 cells. To detect expression of WNT7A and TBP genes, qRT-PCR was carried out for 30 and 24 cycles respectively. Level of the TBP expression was used as an internal control.Colony Formation and Cell Proliferation TestsFor colony formation tests, A498 and KRC/Y cells were transfected with pcDNA3.1-WNT7A and pcDNA3.1-empty vectors. The level of WNT7A expression in cell lines after transfection by pcDNA3.1-WNT7A and pcDNA3.1-empty vectors was assessed by qRT-PCR as mentioned above. Cells (40,000-50,000 cells per well) were seeded in 6-well plates the day following transfection in triplicates. Selection on the 400mg/mL of G418 (Sigma-Aldrich) was started 48 h after transfection. Cells were stained by crystal violet after 2 weeks of 12926553 G418 selection and number of colonies was counted. The experiment was performed in triplicate. To perform cell proliferation tests, 1000?500 cells per well were seeded in 96-well plates 24 h after transfection. The number of cells was counted using the Cell Quantification kit (CCK-8) (Sigma-Aldrich) at 0 h, 24 h, 48 h, 72 h and 96 h after platingWNT7A Inactivated in Clear Cell RCCFigure 1. Study of WNT7A gene methylation status in clear cell RCC. (A). Representative MSP analysis of the WNT7A gene by using methylated (M) and unm.

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