Institutions around the globe whose publication profiles inform us what disciplines
Institutions about the globe whose publication profiles tell us what disciplines need to (or really should not) be connected with agriculture. If these institutions load highly on a single element with higher coefficients, 1 might be particular that the aspect is about agriculture. In situations that are less clear, one can refer to institutional web sites to recognize their approaches and use that proof to characterize a analysis approach. The 3 boxes at the bottom of Fig 3 focus on our working hypotheses. We’ve applied the degree of business participation to identify if a discipline or field is more aligned with altruism or economic motivation. Higher industry participation reflects an economic motive for analysis, though low industry participation reflects a extra altruistic motivation. We then generated national publication profiles working with these nine fields. As a final step, we correlated the national research approach profiles with national D,L-3-Indolylglycine indicators of wealth, education, capitalism, culture, religion and language to establish which of these national indicators are linked to altruistic or economic motivations.DataThis PubMed ID: study makes use of publication information from the Scopus database. Publication profiles for institutions and nations are restricted for the 20003 time period.InstitutionsWe identified a set of 4429 institutions for use in this study. Institutions were identified manually numerous years ago by grouping Scopus affiliation profiles into institutions for those institutions publishing at the least 50 papers per year (at the time). Quite a few institutions have only a single affiliation profile in Scopus. Even so, several on the bigger institutions have medical (or other) schools or analysis institutes that, although they’re clearly part of your parent institution, have separate affiliation profiles in Scopus. As an example, our institutional profile for the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) consists of six affiliation profiles including these for the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UCSD College of Medicine, and San Diego Supercomputer Center. Every single institution was also assigned to a sector (e.g academia, market, government), which was, in most instances, an apparent option. Offered that these institutional groupings are many years old, they usually do not reflect recent mergers or contain institutions that have been below the threshold at the time, but which are now publishing larger numbers of papers. The distribution of institutions by sector is shown in Table 2. On average, academic institutions publish bigger numbers of papers than other types of institutions. As described above, the DC2 document classification program is utilized in this study. Hence, publication profiles for every institution had been represented as report counts by DC2 category employing publications from the 20003 time period. These information also allow calculation of thePLOS One particular DOI:0.37journal.pone.069383 January five, The Analysis Concentrate of NationsTable 2. Institutions by sector (20003). Sector Academia Government Hospitals Sector Nonprofit Academy of Science Other Total doi:0.37journal.pone.069383.t002 of Institutions 2603 (58.8 ) 7 (six. ) 553 (2.five ) 29 (6.6 ) 42 (3.two ) 2 (two.7 ) eight (0.two ) 4429 Avg of Articles 429 590 767 847 383 2325 932fraction of publications in every single DC2 which might be authored by industrial institutions, which indicates irrespective of whether a DC2 discipline is aligned much more with financial motives (a reasonably higher industrial fraction) or with altruistic motives (a somewhat low industrial fraction). We use this.