Product Name :
Mouse anti Human vitronectin receptor CD51

Description :
| Clone NKI-M7 (former AMF7) | Isotype IgG1 | Product Type Primary Antibodies | Units 0.1 mg | Host Mouse (Balb/c) | Species Reactivity Human | Application ELISA Flow Cytometry Immunohistochemistry (frozen) Immunoprecipitation

Background :
NKI-M7 is a Mouse monoclonal IgG1 antibody derived by fusion of SP2/0 Mouse myeloma cells with spleen cells from a BALB/c Mouse immunized with cultured melanoma cells derived from a Human melanoma metastasis.

Source :
CD51 (Cluster of Differentiation 51), known as vitronectin receptor α chain, or integrin αV is a type I integral membrane glycoprotein. CD51 forms a heterodimer with integrin β1 (CD29), β3 (CD61), β5, β6, or β8. CD51 contains two disulfide-linked subunits of 125 kD and 24 kD. Many extracellular matrix proteins with RGD-motifs are CD51 ligands. In association with its β chains, CD51 binds vitronectin, von Willebrand factor, fibronectin, thrombospondin, osteopontin, fibrinogen, and laminin. CD51, as an adhesion molecule, plays important roles in leukocytes homing and rolling, mediates bone absorption and angiogenesis. CD51 is expressed on endothelial cells, fibroblasts, macrophages, platelets, osteoclasts, neuroblastoma, melanoma, and hepatoma cells. <

Product :
Each vial contains 100 ul 1 mg/ml purified monoclonal antibody in PBS containing 0.09% sodium azide. Formulation: Each vial contains 100 ul 1 mg/ml purified monoclonal antibody in PBS containing 0.09% sodium azide.

Specificity :
T-lymphocyte clones NKI-M7 detect a melanoma-associated proteoglycan (MW greater than 450-250 kDa) and a molecular complex, which under reducing conditions consists of 4 compounds of 120, 95, 29 and 25 kDa respectively. NKI-M7 reacts with cultured melanomas melanomas in frozen sections. The antigen detected by NKI-M7 is strongly associated with the adhesion and cytoplasmic spreading of melanoma cells to plastic surfaces and monolayers of vascular endothelial cells. NKI-M7 blocks fibronectin-induced chemotaxic motility and chemokinesis of melanoma cells. In addition to their membrane localization, the antigens detected by NKI-M7are abundant in extracellular adhesion plaques deposited by cultured melanoma cells. NKI-M7 stains primary tumors heterogeneously, whereas metastases are homogeneously stained.

Applications :
NKI-M7 is useful for ELISA, immunoprecipitation, flow cytometry and immunohistochemsitry on frozen sections. Optimal antibody dilution should be determined by titration.

Storage :
The antibody is shipped at ambient temperature and may be stored at +4°C. For prolonged storage prepare appropriate aliquots and store at or below -20°C. Prior to use, an aliquot is thawed slowly in the dark at ambient temperature, spun down again and used to prepare working dilutions by adding sterile phosphate buffered saline (PBS, pH 7.2). Repeated thawing and freezing should be avoided. Working dilutions should be stored at +4°C, not refrozen, and preferably used the same day. If a slight precipitation occurs upon storage, this should be removed by centrifugation. It will not affect the performance or the concentration of the product.

Caution :
This product is intended FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY, and FOR TESTS IN VITRO, not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures involving humans or animals. It may contain hazardous ingredients. Please refer to the Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for additional information and proper handling procedures. Dispose product remainders according to local regulations.This datasheet is as accurate as reasonably achievable, but our company accepts no liability for any inaccuracies or omissions in this information.

References :
1. Vries J.E. de, G.D. Keizer, A.A. te Velde, A. Voordouw, D. Ruiter, Ph. Rumke, H. Spits and C.G. Figdor. Int. J. Cancer 38: 465, 1986. 2. J.M.W. Quinn, N.A. Athanasou, and J.O’D McGee,1991. Histochemistry, 96:169-176

Antibodies are immunoglobulins secreted by effector lymphoid B cells into the bloodstream. Antibodies consist of two light peptide chains and two heavy peptide chains that are linked to each other by disulfide bonds to form a “Y” shaped structure. Both tips of the “Y” structure contain binding sites for a specific antigen. Antibodies are commonly used in medical research, pharmacological research, laboratory research, and health and epidemiological research. They play an important role in hot research areas such as targeted drug development, in vitro diagnostic assays, characterization of signaling pathways, detection of protein expression levels, and identification of candidate biomarkers.
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